DescriptionWe present an in-depth analysis of transient faults effects on HPC applications in Intel Xeon Phi processors based on radiation experiments and high-level fault injection. Besides measuring the realistic error rates of Xeon Phi, we quantify Silent Data Corruption (SDCs) by correlating the distribution of corrupted elements in the output to the application’s characteristics. We evaluate the benefits of imprecise computing for reducing the programs’ error rate. For example, for HotSpot a 0.5% tolerance in the output value reduces the error rate by 85%.
We inject different fault models to analyze the sensitivity of given applications. We show that portions of applications can be graded by different criticalities. For example, faults occurring in the middle of LUD execution, or in the Sort and Tree portions of CLAMR, are more critical than the remaining portions. Mitigation techniques can then be relaxed or hardened based on the criticality of the particular portions.