Integrating OpenMP into the Charm++ Programming Model
Workshop: ESPM2 2017: Third International Workshop on Extreme Scale Programming Models and Middleware
Authors: Seonmyeong Bak (University of Illinois)
Abstract: The recent trend of rapid increase in the number of cores per chip has resulted in vast amounts of on-node parallelism. These high core counts result in hardware variability that introduces imbalance. Applications are also becoming more complex themselves, resulting in dynamic load imbalance. Load imbalance of any kind can result in loss of performance and decrease in system utilization. In this paper, we propose a new integrated runtime system that adds OpenMP shared-memory parallelism to the Charm++ distributed programming model to improve load balancing on distributed systems. Our proposal utilizes an infrequent periodic assignment of work to cores based on load measurement, in combination with tasks created via OpenMP’s parallel loop construct from each core to handle load imbalance. We demonstrate the benefits of using this integrated runtime system on the LLNL ASC proxy application Lassen, achieving speedups of 50% over runs without any load balancing and 10% over existing distributed-memory-only balancing schemes in Charm++.